- Full Size Spare Tire
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The C/K was Chevrolet and GMC's full-size pickup truck line from October 1959 until 2000 in the United States and Canada, from 1964 to 2001 in Brazil, and from 1975 to 1982 in Chile. The first Chevrolet pickup truck was introduced in 1924, though in-house designs did not appear until 1930. "C" indicated two-wheel drive and "K" indicated four-wheel drive. The aging C/K light-duty pickup truck was replaced with the Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra names in 1999 in the United States and Canada, and 2001 in Brazil; the Chevrolet Silverado HD and GMC Sierra HD heavy-duty pickup trucks followed. Until this time, the names Silverado and Sierra were used to identify the trim level of the C/K trucks.
Fourth generation 1988–1999 (GMT400)Fourth generation / GMT400
'88-'90 Chevrolet C-K 3500.jpg
Also called Chevrolet Silverado
Chevrolet Cheyenne (Mexico)
Production December 8, 1986–1999 (US, two-door and extended cab)
October 1991–1999 (US, four-door)
1990-2000 (US, C3500 HD)
1991–2001 (Mexico and Venezuela)
1997-2001 (Argentina and Brazil)
Assembly Oshawa, Ontario
Fort Wayne, Indiana
São Caetano do Sul, Brazil
Seoul, South Korea
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Designer Donald Wood (1983)
Body and chassis
Engine 250 cu in (4.1 L) I6 (Argentinian-made versions only)
292 cu in (4.8 L) I6 (Mexico only)
262 cu in (4.3 L) V6
305 cu in (5.0 L) V8
350 cu in (5.7 L) V8
454 cu in (7.4 L) V8
4.2 L MWM Sprint 6.07T I6 diesel (Argentina and Brazil)
378 cu in (6.2 L) diesel V8
396 cu in 6.5 L turbo diesel V8
Transmission 3-speed THM-400 automatic
4-speed 700R4 automatic
4-speed 4L60 automatic
4-speed 4L60-E automatic
4-speed 4L80-E automatic
4-speed SM465 manual
5-speed NV3500 manual
5-speed NV4500 manual
5-speed HM290 manual
5-speed 5LM60 manual
Wheelbase 117.5 in (2,984 mm)
131.5 in (3,340 mm)
141.5 in (3,594 mm)
155.5 in (3,950 mm)
Length 194.5 in (4,940 mm)
213.1 in (5,413 mm)
218.5 in (5,550 mm)
237.4 in (6,030 mm)
Width 76.8 in (1,951 mm)
77.1 in (1,958 mm)
Height 73.2 in (1,859 mm)
72.6 in (1,844 mm)
Planning for the GMT400 began in the early 1980s. After design freeze, production development began in early 1984 and were introduced in April 1987 as 1988 models (known as the GMT400 platform). There were eight different versions of the C/K line for 1988: Fleetside Single Cab, Fleetside Extended Cab, Fleetside Crew Cab, and Stepside Single Cab models, each in either 2WD (C) or 4WD (K) drive-lines. This extended cab was the first to be offered on a GM pickup. Another significant change was the addition of independent front suspension to all models. Three trim levels were available: Cheyenne, Scottsdale, and Silverado. Engines were a 160 hp (119 kW) 4.3 L V6, a 175 hp (130 kW) 5.0 L V8, a 210 hp (157 kW) 5.7 L V8 and a 6.2 L diesel V8. A 230 hp (172 kW) 7.4 L V8 was available in the 3/4-ton and one-ton trucks. Most of the powertrain were a carryover from the 1987 R/V with fuel injection. To enhance durability the trucks featured extensive use of galvanized steel for corrosion resistance and a fully welded frame with a boxed front section for strength and rigidity. During the development of the GMT400 platform GM designers based their prototypes on the compact GMT325 S-series (S10 and S15/Sonoma) - upon the official release the GMT400 were the first GM vehicles to use an electronic speedometer, and a serpentine accessory drive. Some consider the GMT400 as a scaled up version of the S10/Sonoma with rounded off contours - later incorporated into the second generation S-series.
In 1989, a Fleetside Sport package was available with matching body color bumpers and grille, chrome wheels, and fog lights. A Z71 off-road package was also available with skid plates and Bilstein shocks. The Work Truck (W/T) was introduced in 1988, which featured a single-cab long bed with Cheyenne trim and new grille with black bumpers. Also in 1988 the GMC 3500 EFI with a 454 (7.4 L) was available. The 454 EFI produced 230 hp (172 kW) and 385 lb·ft (522 N·m). In 1991, the 4L80-E automatic transmission was available for the 3/4-ton and one-ton trucks. In 1992, the four-speed manual transmission was dropped and the stepside trucks were available with extended cabs. The 6.5-liter diesel V8 was also made available with a turbocharger. 1994 models received a new front fascia, federally mandated CHMSL, many new exterior colors including a new two-tone option on the rocker panels, and new tire and wheel combinations. In 1993, the 700-R4/4L60 transmission was revised with electronic controls, becoming the 4L60-E. Exterior changes this year included a special two-tone paint job, available in many different varieties new gloss black folding exterior mirrors, and the door handles were changed from a smooth gloss black finish to a textured, satin finish. All 1995 models received a new interior that included a new steering wheel containing a driver's-side airbag, a new dashboard containing a more central-mounted radio, dial-operated HVAC system and an improved gauge cluster. New front door panels, and new seating were also included. In 1996, a passenger-side-mounted third door was optional on extended cab models. A new range of engines was included. The "Vortec" engines meant HP increases across gasoline V6 and V8 small-block engines. The 6.2 diesel V8 was dropped.
October 1996 brought a passenger-side airbag for 1500 models in order to comply with new federal regulations for light trucks (2500 and 3500 models were exempt). This required a slight dashboard redesign to incorporate these airbags. On models where passenger airbags weren't included, the space was occupied by a storage compartment. Also, 1997 was to be the last year the C/K Silverado would display CHEVROLET on the tailgate (although this continued into 1998 on Cheyenne models).
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Vehicle Inquiry for 1989 Chevrolet C/K 1500 Reg. Cab 6.5-ft. Bed 4WD
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